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Flora & Fauna

The entire region of North East with its sister states enthrall a perfect plethora of rare, exotic, orchid species which are not found anywhere in the world. It is a botanist’s paradise and is often compared to the rich and dense jungles of Amazon, much of which is undisturbed. With its unique and intriguing ecosystems, North East India’s many native species will ensure your journey overflows with color, nature, and energy! When the climatic conditions are right, witness the remarkable phenomenon of the desert in flower: over 15,000 species of flowering plants. and transform the North East with their intense hues, shapes, and smells. You’ll love springtime in India’s NorthEast!

Discover the amazing wildlife: you’ll meet White Winged Wood Duck, Sangai, Hornbill, Mrs. Hume’s pheasant and many more. See flamingos and other Andean birds display their ‘dance moves’. Plants including Foxtail Orchid, Tree rhododendron,  Noble dendrobium, Indian rose chestnut, Lady’s Slipper Orchid will provide a constantly changing backdrop to your northeastern adventure.

You might be fortunate enough to spot the magnificent One Horn Rhinoceros that stalks furtively throughout the Kaziranga while you drive your car towards Upper Assam. Perhaps you’ll be rewarded in the Arunachal & Sikkim with a safari of Giant Yaks; the elusive Red Panda, the world’s rarest, or the legendary tigers in Manas..

The region is rich in medicinal plants and many other rare and endangered taxa. Its high endemism in both higher plantsvertebrates, and avian diversity has qualified it as a biodiversity hotspot. Arunachal Pradesh is known as the Orchid state of India and rightly so, about sixty percent of the total orchid species in India can be found only in Arunachal itself

Bio-Diversity Significance

  1.  North East India comprises of  51 different types of forests, which can be broadly classified into six major types — tropical moist deciduous forests, tropical semi-evergreen forests, tropical wet evergreen forests, subtropical forests, temperate forests and alpine forest

  2. Out of the nine important vegetation types of India, six are found in the North Eastern Region. There is a stereotype belief that North Eastern Only eat Non-Veg but the truth is Green Vegetables are widely found in the dining tables

  3. These forests harbor 8,000 out of 15,000 species of flowering plants. In floral species richness, the highest diversity is reported from the states of Arunachal Pradesh (5000 species) and Sikkim (4500 species) amongst the North Eastern states.

  4. According to the Indian Red Data Book, published by the Botanical Survey of India, 10 percent of the flowering plants in the country are endangered. Of the 1500 endangered floral species, 800 are reported from Northeast India. So witness before they become extinct!

The International Council for Bird Preservation, UK identified the Assam plains and the Eastern Himalaya as an Endemic Bird Area (EBA). The EBA has an area of 220,000 km2 following the Himalayan range in the countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Nepal, Myanmar and the Indian states of Sikkimnorthern West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, southern Assam, NagalandManipurMeghalaya, and Mizoram. Because of a southward occurrence of this mountain range in comparison to other Himalayan ranges, Because of it mixed climate of too heavy rainfall and sun-soaked fields, the occurrence of a rich array of restricted-range bird species. More than two critically endangered species, three endangered species, and 14 vulnerable species of birds are in this EBA. Stattersfield et al. (1998) identified 22 restricted range species, out of which 19 are confined to this region and the remaining three are present in other endemic and secondary areas. Eleven of the 22 restricted-range species found in this region are considered as threatened (Birdlife International 2001), a number greater than in any other EBA of India

 

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