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History & Heritage

North East India, also known as the Astalaxmi Pradesh of Bharat Barsha. The Etymology of North East India can be traced back to the Vedic period. North East India is comprising of the Eighth States of the Union of India viz. Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura, Nagaland and the new member Sikkim. Also known as seven sisters. North East India is full of diversified culture and also its history is rich and proud full. North East India witness rules of many powerful kingdoms. North East finds its mention during the epic battle of Mahabharata, where King of Kamrupa, Bhagadutta fought from the side of Kaurava,The Greatest Kingdoms of North East are Karmapa Kingdom, Ahom Kingdom, Kachari Kingdom, Koch Kingdom, Barman Dynasty, Danava Dynasty, Twipura , Manipur , Kamata Kingdom, Jaintia Kingdom Etc.

The rulers of North East India Faced several attracts from invaders but all failed due to the courageous leadership of Northeastern generals like Lacith Borphukan Bir Cilarai. The Great Mughal Empire deliberately attracted 17 times but failed. The Attracts from Man (Burmese War) destroyed and ruined several parts of North East India. North India Witnessed World War II and the Sino Indian war in 1961. In 1944, the Japanese planned a daring attack on India. Traveling through Burma, its forces were stopped at Kohima and Imphal by British and Indian troops. This marked the furthest western expansion of the Japanese Empire; its defeat in this area presaged Allied victory.T his victory is celebrated at the Burking hum Palace as the greatest war victory at that time. Arunachal Pradesh, a state in the North-eastern tip of India, is claimed by China as South Tibet.[citation needed] Sino-Indian relations degraded, resulting in the Sino-Indian War of 1962. The cause of the escalation into war is still disputed by both Chinese and Indian sources. During the war in 1962, the PRC (China) captured much of the NEFA (North-East Frontier Agency) created by India in 1954. But on 21 November 1962, China declared a unilateral ceasefire and withdrew its troops 20 kilometers (12 mi) behind the McMahon Line. It returned Indian prisoners of war in 1963

The earliest settlers may have been Austro-Asiatic speakers from Southeast Asia, followed by Tibeto-Burmese from China and by 500 B.C. Indo-Aryans speakers from Gangetic Plains. Due to the bio- and crop diversity of the region, archaeological researchers believe that early settlers of Northeast India had domesticated several important plants. Writers believe that the 100 BC writings of Chinese explorer, Zhang Qian indicate an early trade route via Northeast India. The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mentions a people called Sêsatai in the region, who produced malabathron, so prized in the old world.

In the early historical period (most of the first millennium), Kamarupa straddled most of present-day Northeast India, besides Bhutan and Sylhet in Bangladesh. Xuanzang, a traveling Chinese Buddhist monk, visited Kamarupa in the 7th century. He wrote that the people in Kamarupa knew of Sichuan, which lay to the kingdom’s east beyond a treacherous mountain.] For many of the tribal peoples, their primary identification is with subtribes and villages, which have distinct dialects and cultures.

The north-eastern states were established during the British Raj of the 19th and early 20th centuries, Many of the peoples in present-day Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Nagaland converted to Christianity under the influence of British (Welsh) missionaries.