North East India comprises of eight states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, and Sikkim. It is characterized by multi-ethnic, multi-culture and multi-religious communities. North East India is known for its diversified culture and traditions. There are 220 languages spoken in North East India. North East India trace back its religion Vedic era. North East India faces several religious settlements till the colonial period. Tough Many tribes of NorthEast follows their own tribal traditions but after the expansions of missionaries, many tribes are converted into Christianity. Biggest Examples are the states like Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya etc.
Religion-wise population composition of the North East states depicts an interesting picture. As per the census of India, 2011, Assam is the most populous state of the North East (31,205,576). In Assam, Hindus are the dominated community. Muslims have a significant proportion only in Assam and are concentrated in districts namely, Darrang, Bongaigaon, Hailakandi, Karimganj, Nagaon, Morigaon, Barpeta, Goalpara and Dhubri. Dima Hasao and Karbi Anglang districts have a good percentage of Christians. Minority Sikhs and Jains are mainly concentrated in urban areas.
In Arunachal Pradesh, Papum Pare, Changlang, and Lohit districts are major shareholders of the population. Hindus, Christians and other religions and persuasions are major religious groups. Christianity began to be spread here by missionaries in the mid 20th century. Tirap, Kurung Kumey, East Kameng, Papum Pare and Lower Subansiri districts have dominated by Christians. A significant proportion of people are practicing indigenous religion ‘DonyiPolo’ (sun-moon). People in Upper Subansiri, West Siang, East Siang, Upper Siang, Lower Subansiri and Dibang Valley districts are mainly following this Minority Muslims and Sikhs are concentrated in urban areas.
East Khasi and West Garo Hill are most populous districts in Meghalaya. The state has a Christian majority Conversion to Christianity began in the 19th century during the British period. Minority Sikhs and Jains are concentrated in urban areas only. Meghalaya has a significant percentage of Hindus living in urban areas.
In Manipur, Imphal West, Imphal East, and Senapati districts have the larger share of the population. Hindus and Christians have an almost equal share of the population as major communities. Senapati, Tamenglong, Churachandpur, Ukhrul, and Chandel districts have dominated Christians. Hindus are dominated in Bishnupur, Thoubal, Imphal West and Imphal East districts Sikhs and Jains are the minority here and concentrated in urban areas mainly.
In Mizoram, Aizawl has the largest concentration of people due to the existence of capital city Aizawl. Christians are the dominated religious group in all the districts whereas; other religious communities of Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs are mostly concentrated in urban areas.
In Nagaland, Dimapur, Kohima and Mon districts have larger percentage share of the population. Christians are dominated in all the districts Hindus, Muslims and Jains are concentrated in urban areas only.
In Tripura, West Tripura district is most populace due to the presence of the capital city, Agartala. Hindus are the dominated community. Minority Jains are concentrated in urban areas mainly.