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Ruins & Monoliths

Assam

Madan Kamdev 

This place is hardly 40 km away from Guwahati. It is an example of enigma, mystery, and marvel. Only conjectures and hypothesis tells the story of these magnificent archeological ruins. Kamrupa the ancient name of Assam, is
believed to have derived its name from the love god Kama or Madan who took rebirth after turned to ashes by the angry Shiva. It is only believed the Madan and Rati united on this tiny hillock.

Da Parbatiya and Bamuni Hills, Tezpur 

Also known as Sonitpur (city of blood), its puranic fame is associated with Usha’s love with Aniruddha, grandson of Lord Krishna.’Harupeswar” was also one of the earliest names for Tezpur. The Name derived from the reigns of King Harup. Present Tezpur is a beautiful town, situated on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra. It has got undulated green valleys, surrounded by the hills of Arunachal Pradesh, snow-capped peaks of Himalayas as the northern backdrop. Lush green tea gardens, and the magnificent archeological ruins available in Bamuni hills,
Agnigarh and Mahabhairab Temple, Hazara Pukhuri and Chitralekha Park, have all contributed to make Tezpur a tourist’s delight. This Town Was ruled by King Banasura in the Vedic period. Banasura was a great devotee of Lord Shiva. When Lord Krishna ‘s Grandson was kidnapped through the “Haruki Maya’ by Usha(Banasura’s Daughter)’s Freind Chitralekha, Lord Krishna attacked Sonitpur, then Lord Shiva came to the rescue of Banasura. Then the famous epic battle of Lord Shiva and Lord Krishna took place where the bloodbath spread so the Name Tezpur.

Sri Surya Pahar

Sri Surya Pahar, a noted archaeological site situated at the banks of Brahmaputra, at Assam is a lesser known tourist spot with great significance in terms of historical value. Sri Surya Pahar is one of the most important heritage sites of the ancient remains of Goalpara district. It is situated about 12 km away on the south-east from Goalpara town and about 136 km from Guwahati. Locally, Sri Surya Pahar is known as SataliPahar, i.e., a hill having seven peaks of its zenith.

This place is located 132 km down northwest side of Guwahati. The sacred Sri Surya Pahar is a stretch of shivlingas approximately expanding up to a kilometer. The lingas are said to be formed by boulder and big rocks. It is believed that there are 99999 lingas, engraved by Krishna Dvaipayana or commonly known as Ved Vyasa to make it a replica of Kashi or second Kashi. This unexplored place has minutely detailed design of houses and the bricks built with it and is high on archaeological value. Calling it an Archaeologist’s gold mine won’t be an overstatement. Surya Pahar translates to ‘Hill Of The Sun’ in English. The name implies that the site was associated with the cult of sun worship. The archaeological findings discovered from the area are kept in the local museum.Located about 12 km southeast from Goalpara, Surya Pahar is one of the most significant heritage sites of the ancient remains in Assam. The mystifying site now lies as a ruin and void of any human population, though local vendors and the locals throng the place in the daytime. The site is a hilly terrain dotted with thousands of shivalingas. Suraya Pahar holds the unique distinction of being marked and holding major significance in the history of 3 major religions which is proven by the presence of an amalgam of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism relics, archaeological and religious articles.

Khaspur Ruins

About twenty-five kilometers from the town of Silchar in southern Assam, lie the ruins of one of the most powerful kingdoms of their times, the Kachari kingdom, also known as the Dimasa kingdom.

Not much is known about the origin of the Kachari kingdom which was established in the thirteenth century and was finally annexed by the British in 1854 but legend has it that they were the off-springs of Ghatotkacha, the son of Bhima. The area is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India

Manipur

Menhir (Monoliths)

As vestiges of long lost civilizations or as a shout-out from the past perhaps, Manipur has several menhirs or monoliths scattered all over. The monoliths of Manipur are somewhat triangular. While the purpose of some of them may still not be known, several menhirs have been found inscribed with lessons to keep in mind always.

The most prominent menhir is the one located on the southern border of the approach road leading from the Kangla highway to Manipur State Museum. It is believed to have been erected in the 15th century A.D. A boundary stone, it demarcated the Konthoujam Yumpham presently called Raj Bhavan and the onetime marketplace, Kha-keithel. Three crude human figures engraved on the Menhir are supposed to be the earliest folk engravings in Manipur!

Tripura

ANCIENT REMAINS, WEST TRIPURA

While having a visit to Tripura it becomes a must to once have a glance of the oldest monuments of Tripura i.e., the Ancient Remains of Tripura that is located at Boxanagar in the district of West Tripura.

The discovery of massive Buddhist Stupa, Chaityagriha, a monastery and other associate burnt brick structures at Boxanagar has reflected the art and architecture and religious aspects of ancient Tripura.

. PILAK, TRIPURA

A treasure trove of Hindu and Buddhist sculptures, Pilak is located around 100km from Agartala in Belonia. The excavation on this historical site has found the remains of 8th and 9th-century rock-cut images and terracotta plaques which are a delight for the history buffs. Quite a few Terracotta plaques, sealed with stupas and images of Avolokiteswara and Narasimhan have been discovered there which date back to the Buddhist period.

 

Meghalaya

World tallest monoliths NARTIANG

The cluster of monoliths in Jaintia Hills is a testimony of Jaintia rulers’ strength. It’s an amazing site as the monolith is sure to kindle your thought of man’s greatest idea and knowledge.
Monolith is a symbol of remembrance in the Jaintia Hills. The cluster of monoliths erected to mark the reigns of the erstwhile Jaintia Kings is a significant event in the history of Meghalaya. This cluster of monoliths is found in Nartiang.

The site can be literally called a garden of monoliths. These monoliths cover a wide complex of about 100 m in diameter. The menhirs are locally known as Ki Moo Shynrang, and dolmens are known as Ki Moo Kynthai. Moo Iong Syiem, the tallest and biggest of the monoliths, is about eight mts in height, two mts  in breadth and 0.46 mts in thickness. It was erected by U mar Phalyngki, a trusted lieutenant of the Jaintia kings.
The followers of the erstwhile Jaintia Kings U Marphalangki and U Luh Lyngshkor Lamare erected the other monoliths in the early 17th century. In ancient times, Nartiang used to be the summer capital of the Jaintia rulers, who spent about six months here. Some scholars say that these monoliths were erected in memory of the establishment of the market from Raliang to Nartiang.

Khasi Hills

Khasi Hills are famous for several monoliths and table stones whose history dates back to the bygone era. Majority of the monoliths present here were built in memory of some special people. These monoliths are either memorial where the ashes of the dead person are deposited in Cairns or cenotaphs, signifying some great events. The upright stones represent men and some of them tower to 6m.

NAGALAND

Kachari Ruins, Dimapur

Kachari ruins are situated in Dimapur, the ancient Kachari capital. It is one of the important sites of megalithic culture. Most of the ruins appear to be contemporaneous with the Kachari civilization. Though the Kacharis are predominantly Non-Aryan with elaborate rituals and the cult of fertility, there are evidence of a touch of Hindu influence on most of them

Dimapur contains ruins of temples, reservoirs and other monuments of which the most notable is their monolithic structures. The monoliths represent the elaborate rituals of the cult of fertility. The beautifully executed entrances to these monuments is in pristine condition even now.

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