World Smallest Inhabitant Island and Adobe of Lord Shiva
The great Shiva Temple situated on the Peacock Island in the middle e of Brahmaputra River. It attracts devotees from all over the country, specially during Shiva Ratri. The approach of the temple is from Kacharighat from where boats ply to the temple entrance.
Siva is said to have resided here in the form of Bhayananda. According to the Kalika Purana, in the beginning of the creation, Siva sprinkled ashes (bhasma) at this place and imparted knowledge to Parvati (his consort). It is said that, when Siva was in meditation on this hillock, Kamadeva interrupted his yoga and was therefore burnt to ashes by the fire of Siva’s anger and hence the hillock got the name Bhasmacala.
This mountain is also called Bhasmakuta. The Kalika Purana states that Urvasikunda is situated here and here resides the goddess Urvasi who brings Amrit (nectar) for the enjoyment of Kamakhya and hence the island got the name Urvasi Island.
The temple of Umananda was built in 1694 A.D. by the Bar Phukan Garhganya Handique by the order of King Gadadhar Singha (1681–1696), one of the ablest and strongest rulers of the Ahom dynasty.